The fruiting body of Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss. ex Fr.) Karst. (Fam. Poloporaceae). Commonly known as ' Chizhi' (Red Glossy Ganoderma).
Mainly in Chinese provinces such as Hebei, Shanxi, Jiangxi and Guangxi, and in eastern and southwestern China. Mostly cultivated.
Harvest & Processing
Collect fruiting bodies in autumn; remove soil, sand and other foreign matter; dry in shaded areas or under the sun.
Umbrella-shaped, with a semicircular, reniform (kidney-shaped) or suborbicular (almost round) pileus 10-18 cm wide and 1-2 cm thick. Epicutis hard, dull yellowish-brown to dull reddish-brown, lustrous, marked with annular (ring-like) ridges and radial wrinkles; margin thin and truncate (squared as if cut off), often slightly involute (with margin rolling inwards). Gills on the underside of pileus white to light brown, consisting of innumerable tubules. Stipe lateral (borne on or at the side); 7-15 cm long, 1-3.5 cm in diameter; dull reddish-brown to dull purplish-brown; lustrous. Numerous minute, dull yellowish-brown spores in tubules. Odour: slightly fragrant; taste: bitter-astringent.
1. Dizziness, insomnia, palpitation
2. Dyspnoea, consumptive cough, asthma
Mainly contains polysaccharides and triterpenes such as ganoderic acid.
According to C.P., also used for medicinal purposes, and commonly known as ' Zizhi' (Purple Glossy Ganoderma), is the fruiting body of G. sinense Zhao, Xu et Zhang.
Remark: C.P. = Chinese Pharmacopoeia
The information and images in this Online Herbal Exhibition is form the book, "An Illustrated Chinese Materia Medica in Hong Kong", edited by Professor Zhao Zhongzhen, School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University. For the complete collection of Chinese Materia Medica compiled by Professor Zhao, please go to this website: http://www.bucmm.org.